Engineering Styles: ChemE often uses AlChE; Civ and EnvironE often use ASCE; CompSci & EN use ACM; ElecE uses IEEE; MechE uses ASME.
|Author||All authors are Last Name, First Initial; use & in reference, but ‘and’ in intext.||Use full first names. The first author has name inverted, but all the rest are in regular order.|
|Date||2nd place in citation|
Do not abbreviate months
|Nearly last place in citation|
|Article Title||Lower case||Upper case and use ” “|
|Periodical Title||Upper case Italics||Upper case and Italics|
|Periodical Volume and Number||Do not use vol. and no. Italicise vol but not no. Use ( ).||Use vol. and no.|
Not in italics
|Page #||Do not use p or pp in reference, but use in in-text citation||use p or pp. in works cited but not in in-text citation|
|URL||use https://||Do not use https://|
|Section name||References||Works Cited|
|In-text||Author, Year, p.||Author page (no comma, no p.)|
APA Reference Citation
MLA Works Cited
Engineering Stylesheets: Examples below
Chemical Engineering uses AlChE
Pedron, S., et. al., “Synthesis and characterization of degradable bioconjugated hydrogels with hyperbranched multifunctional cross-linkers,” Acta Biomaterialia, 6 (11), pp. 4189-4198 (Nov. 2010).
Garner, G. O., “Careers in Engineering,” 2nd ed., VGM Career Books, Chicago, IL (2003).
Homoki, G. G., and K. N. Vernekar, “Materials Selections for Sludge Incinerator Heat Exchangers,” in “Materials Performance in Waste Incineration Systems,” G. Y. Lai and G. Sorell, Eds., NACE International, Houston, TX, pp. 20-1 to 20-8 (1992).
Perry, R. H., and D. W. Green, Eds., “Mass Transfer and Gas Absorption,” Chapter 14, in “Perry’s Chemical Engineers’ Handbook,” 6th ed., McGraw-Hill, New York (1984).
Civil and Environmental Engineering use ASCE
Aanen, P. (1991). Nature engineering and civil engineering works, H. W. Knottnerus, translator, Pudoc, Wageningen, Netherlands.
ABAQUS/Explicit update manual, version 5.6. (1996). Hibbitt, Karlsson and Sorenson Inc., Pawtucket, R.I.
“Acoustic strain gauge’s ease bridge monitoring .” (1997). CivilEngrg. ASCE, 67(9), 83.
Al-Mutairi, N. M.. (1995) “Kuwait oil-based pollution: effect on building material.” J. of Matls. in Civil Engrg., ASCE, 7(3), 154-160.
ASTM. (1981). “Standard method of testing piles under static axial compressive load.” D1143-81, Philadelphia, Pa.
Barragy, E., Walters, R., and Carey, G. F. (1995). “Tital simulation using conjugate gradient methods.” Finite Element Modeling of Environmental Problems: Surface and Subsurface Flow and Transport, G. F. Carey, ed., Wiley, West Sussex, Eng., 115-135.
Computer Science & Engineering use ACM
Hoffman, W.M. and Moore, J.M., Eds. Ethics and the Management of Computer Technology. Oelgeschlager, Gunn and Hain, Cambridge, Mass., 1982.
Parker, R. Lotus copyright protection is turning into a feeding frenzy. Infoworld 12,28 (Jul. 1990), 42-49.
Rumbaugh, J.E. Controlling propagation of operations using attributes on Relations. In Proceedings of OOPSLA ’86 (Sept. 29-Oct. 2, Portland,Oreg.). ACM/SIGPLAN, New York, 1986, pp. 406-416.
Electrical Engineering uses IEEE
 J. W. DuBois, S. Schuetze-Coburn, S. Cumming, and D. Paolino, “Outline of discourse transcription,” in Talking Data: Transcription and Coding in Discourse Research (J. A. Edwards and M. D. Lampert, Eds.). Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, 1993, pp. 45-89.
 R. C. Carter, “Search time with a color display: Analysis of distribution functions,” Human Factors, vol. 24, no. 3, pp. 302-304, 1982.
 P. Leone, D. L. Gillihan, and T. L. Rauch, “Web-based prototyping for user sessions: Medium-fidelity prototyping,” in Proc. 44th Int. Technical Communications Conf. (Toronto, Canada, May 11-14, 1997), pp. 231-234.
Mechanical Engineering uses ASME
 Ning, X., and Lovell, M. R., 2002, “On the Sliding Friction Characteristics of Unidirectional Continuous FRP Composites,” ASME J. Tribol., 124(1), pp. 5-13.
 Barnes, M., 2001, “Stresses in Solenoids,” J. Appl. Phys., 48(5), pp. 2000–2008.
 Jones, J., 2000, Contact Mechanics, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK, Chap. 6.
 Lee, Y., Korpela, S. A., and Horne, R. N., 1982, “Structure of Multi-Cellular Natural Convection in a Tall Vertical Annulus,” Proc. 7th International Heat Transfer Conference, U. Grigul et al., eds., Hemisphere, Washington, DC, 2, pp. 221–226.