A good resource for MLA is here. Make sure to read an overview about Citations to ensure you have a clear understanding of the multiple citation formats required by different disciplines.

The following is an example using MLA. It shows References List style as well as the In-Text formatting.

Reference List Format
(for a book)

Freidman, Thomas L.  The World Is Flat.  New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 2nd ed., 2005.

In-Text Examples

Example 1. A short quote is incorporated in the sentence below and identifies the author with a signal phrase. Note the location and content of the citation:


As Thomas Friedman concludes, professionals “better be good at the touchy-feely service” (14) skills if they want to meet the challenges of the 21st century.

Example 2. A  short quote is cited within the text below without a signal phrase:

Professionals “better be good at the touchy-feely service” (Freidman 14) skills if they want to meet the challenges of the 21st century.


Example 3. A four line or a forty words or more selection is presented in an indented block.  Note the location of the citation:

A discussion with Rao leads Friedman to realize people skills will save a professional’s career:

  • What you’re telling me, I said to Rao, is that ,
  • no matter what your profession-doctor, lawyer, architect,
  • accountant-if you are an American, you better be good
  • at the touchy-feely service stuff, because anything
  • that can be digitized can be outsourced to either the smartest
  • or the cheapest producer, or both.  (Friedman, 2005, p. 14)